Writing Rules


1. Title Page (Author Information and Article Title)

The titles of the article in Turkish and English should be written in Tahoma serif font, 12 points in size, and in bold.

Under the title, the author(s)' title, name, surname, ORCID number(s), institutional information, and email address(es) should be listed left-aligned and one below the other. The responsible author section should contain the relevant author information (Author name, surname, ORCID number, address, phone number, and email address) in full. Additionally, at least two referee suggestions should be provided in this section. Detailed information can be found in the title page template.


2. Article Text


The title of the article should be written in Tahoma serif font, 12 points in size, centered, and with only the first letters capitalized. The names of the authors should not be included in this section.


Under the "Abstract" heading, a paragraph of 150 to 200 words should be written in Tahoma serif font, 11 points in size. The abstract should succinctly and clearly explain the main points of the study. Turkish and English abstracts should be listed one below the other on the same page. Additionally, instructions in the article template should be followed.


Keywords should be written in alphabetical order, separated by commas, consisting of a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 5 words in Tahoma serif font.

Article Sections

The article text should consist of "Introduction", "Method", "Results", "Discussion and Conclusion", "Recommendations", and "References" sections. Main headings should be centered on the page, written in Tahoma font, 12 points in size, and in bold, with only the first letters capitalized. Subheadings should be left-aligned. The text should be double-spaced and justified (as block text). The spaces before main headings should be 18 points, then 6 points; before subheadings should be 12 points, then 6 points; within the text, there should be a space of 6 points only after paragraphs. The article should be double-spaced. Margins should be set to 2.54 cm on all sides.

The Introduction section should provide the context of the research by explaining the main purpose and significance of the study. Additionally, a brief overview of the literature review, the main problems of the study, and hypotheses should be presented. This section emphasizes the importance of the research to the reader and explains the contributions of the study.

The Method section should describe the research design, participants, data collection methods, and analysis procedures in detail. This section should clearly outline how the research was conducted and how the data were collected. The reliability and validity of the research should also be discussed here.

The Results section presents the analysis of the obtained data. This section reports the main findings of the research in detail through tables, graphs, and statistical analyses. The results should be presented objectively.

The Discussion section provides a comprehensive analysis of the interpretation of the findings and the conclusions of the research. This section evaluates the degree to which the research objectives were achieved and discusses how the findings can be related to other studies in the literature. The results are summarized, and the importance of the research is emphasized.

The Recommendations section provides suggestions for future studies based on the results of the research. This section highlights the limitations of the current study and emphasizes the areas that future researchers should consider.

The References section includes a list of all the sources used in the article formatted according to APA 7 format. This section is important to support the reliability and validity of the article. "References should be 11 points, Tahoma, with a 1 cm indent, with a spacing of 6 points before and after."

When deemed necessary, the "Acknowledgements" section should be written in Tahoma serif font.



When preparing your research article, it is essential to properly format the references. Properly formatting the references enhances the credibility and professionalism of your work. Therefore, you should meticulously follow the guidelines outlined below:

Use of APA 7.0 Style: You should prepare your references in accordance with the APA 7.0 style. This style includes specific rules for formatting citations and reference lists. You can access the relevant rules by referring to our citation guide on our website. Additionally, consulting the official APA style guide website at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples can be helpful.

DOI or URL Usage: If available, you should include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of the article in the reference list. If there is no DOI, you should provide the web address where the article can be found. To easily find the DOI, you can use https://search.crossref.org/search/references. If you are required to use URLs, shorten long URLs using a web application. This helps to save space in the reference list and makes URLs appear more organized for readers.

Consistency between Text and References: You should ensure that each citation in your text is correctly and completely referenced in the reference list. Checking for inconsistencies between citations and references is important.

Avoid Abbreviations: When listing journal titles, book titles, or other source titles, avoid using abbreviations and write them out in full. This ensures that the references are clearer and more readable.

Page Numbers: When listing journal articles or book chapters, include page numbers to help readers easily locate the relevant content.

Volume and Issue Numbers: You may need to specify volume and issue numbers for journal articles. This helps to better refer to specific editions of journals.

Different Authors in the Same Year: When listing sources published by multiple authors in the same year, adding enough author names to distinguish the citations makes them clearer and more understandable.


In-text Citation

Single Author:

  • Parenthetical citations: (Smith, 2020, p. 25) or (Smith, 2020)
  • Narrative citations: Smith (2020) stated "quoted text" (p. 25).


Two Authors:

  • Parenthetical citations: (Brown & Lee, 2019, p. 42) or (Brown & Lee, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Brown and Lee (2019) stated "quoted text" (p. 42).


Three or More Authors:

  • Parenthetical citations: (Johnson et al., 2018, p. 30)
  • Narrative citations: Johnson and colleagues (2018) stated "quoted text" (p. 30). You can use a semicolon (;) to separate two different authors or author groups. • (Brown et al., 2019, p. 55; Smith & Johnson, 2018, p. 42)


If the same author has multiple works in the same year, arrange them by publication years. The oldest work comes first.

  • Smith, J. A. (2018), Smith, J. A. (2020).


If the same author has multiple works within the same year (e.g., 2021),

  • Smith, J. A. (2021). Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries with Robotic Technologies.
  • Smith, J. A. (2021a). Current Approaches in Technology-Assisted Sports Injury Rehabilitation.


If the same author has multiple works within the same year, separate these works in the citations by adding letters (a, b, c...) to the years.

  • (Smith, 2021a) and (Smith, 2021b)
  • Smith, J. A. (2021a). Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries with Robotic Technologies.
  • Smith, J. A. (2021b). Current Approaches in Technology-Assisted Sports Injury Rehabilitation.




Single Author:

Author, A. A. (Year). Book title (edition). Publisher.


Smith, J. D. (2019). Modern psychology (7th ed.). London: ABC Publisher.

Two Authors:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. (Year). Book title (edition). Publisher.


Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (2001). Stress, appraisal and coping (1st ed.). New York: Springer Publishing Group.


Book Chapter Citation:

Author, A. A. (Year). Chapter Title. In Editor Name (Ed.), Book title (page range). Publisher.


Johnson, R. A. (2021). The impact of social media. L. K. Smith (Ed.). Social Media and Society (pp. 45-58). ABC Publisher.


Journal Article:

Single Author:

Author, A. A. (Year). Article Title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), page range. DOI (if available)


Johnson, R. M. (2019). The Impact of Technology on Education. Educational Psychology, 25(3), 345-367. https://doi.org/10.13442/esj.322340

Two Authors:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Article Title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Range. DOI (if available)


Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2020). A Turkish article. Turkish Journal, 5(2), 123-135. https://doi.org/10.1234/abcd

Three Authors:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Article Title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Range. DOI (if available)


Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Themes in Turkish literature. Journal of Literary Studies, 8(3), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.5678/abcd


Electronic Journal Article:

Author, A. A. (Year). Article Title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Range. URL


Brown, L. K. (2020). The role of artificial intelligence in healthcare. Journal of Health Informatics, 15(2), 78-94. https://www.examplejournal.com/article123



Author, A. A. (Year). Thesis title (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation, University Name]. Publication Place.


Clark, E. M. (2018). The impact of climate change on agricultural practices (Publication no:1071453) [Doctoral dissertation, XYZ University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Harris, L. (2014). Instructional leadership perceptions and practices of elementary school leaders [Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia].


Encyclopedia Entry:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of Entry. Name of Encyclopedia, Volume(Issue), page range.


Smith, J. P. (2020). Artificial intelligence. Computer Science, 5(1), 123-136.


Conference Paper:

Author, A. A. (Year, Date). Paper title [Paper Type]. Conference Name, Conference Place.


Karakaş, M., Yılmaz, S., & Ersoy, O. (2022, July 10-13). Performance and nutrition relationship in professional footballers: A meta-analysis study [Oral presentation]. 2022 Sports Science Conference, Izmir, Turkey.

Evans, A. C., Jr., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. https://convention.apa.org/2019-video


For more information, please visit https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples.